The field of obstetrics and gynecology is filled with thrilling, beautiful cases, as well as challenging and complicated cases. Many of these stories are shared on Figure 1 by healthcare providers around the world. Here are five of the most interesting obstetrics and gynecology medical cases found on the platform.
#5. Pap Smear Finding
A pathology resident shared this fifth most interesting obstetrics and gynecology case of a “33-year-old female presenting with numerous, small, fungating lesions on both labia majora which were cauterized at their respective bases and submitted for biopsy … microscopic examination of H&E sections show hyperplastic papillary squamous epithelium with parakeratosis, variable koilocytotic atypia (nuclear wrinkling with perinuclear clearing) …”
#4. Retracted Nipple from Breast Cancer
A common sign of breast cancer, this medical case shows a retracted or inverted nipple due to breast cancer.
Some people are born with inverted nipples, and in these cases, an inverted nipple is not generally a sign of breast cancer. However, if a person’s nipple suddenly retracts, this can be a sign of breast cancer.
Can you recognize signs of breast cancer? See the full image and take our breast cancer quiz
#3. Uterine Dehiscence
This third most interesting medical case shows a patient at 38 weeks of pregnancy who had three previous c-section deliveries. According to the OBGYN physician who shared the case, “8 cm bloodless uterine dehiscence in the lower uterine segment. Fetus seen swimming inside. This is why patients with [history] of three or more c-sections really need to be delivered before the onset of labor. For me 37 weeks or bust!!!”
#2. Ovarian Dermoid Cyst
A 16-year-old presented with vaginal pain and this 8 cm ovarian dermoid cyst was discovered. According to the registered nurse who shared the medical case, hair and a molar were discovered inside the cyst.
A technologist who commented on the case noted, “Dermoid cysts or teratomas, consist of three germ cell layers, endo/ecto/mesoderm. This is why they frequently form skin, teeth and hair, but never a fetus or embryo — it has not ever been fertilized by sperm.”
#1. “The most extraordinary umbilical cord knot I have ever seen”
This umbilical cord knot is from a “Mono-Mono twin pregnancy with twin B cord entanglement. 32week c/section delivery due to twin B decelerations,” according to the registered nurse who shared the case.
Just a couple of the comments on the case:
“I worked labor and delivery for 16 years and never saw anything like that!”
“Wow! Just Wow!!!”
Published July 31, 2023
Join the Conversation
Sign up for Figure 1 and be part of a global community of healthcare professionals gaining medical knowledge, securely sharing real patient cases, and improving outcomes.